How Do Bees Make Honey? – Beekeeping Beginners –

The first thing Honeybees do is Gather the Nectar.
The Field bees which are the older bees leave the colony to gather nectar from any plant that has flowers. Nectar is comprised of an approximately 80% water and it also contains complex sugars that is produced by flowers. The field bee uses his proboscis which is a tube-like tongue and sucks the nectar from the flower and then stores it in what is referred to as a honey stomach which is a specialized organ that Honeybees have.

The bee returns to the hive with the Nectar.

When the field bee returns to the hive they are met by house bees, which are young worker bees. They suck the nectar from the field bee’s honey stomach using their proboscises.

Conversion of Nectar into Honey by the House Bees.

The House bees produce enzymes in there mouths that convert the nectar into unripe honey. This process takes about 20 minutes to accomplish.

Placement of Unripe Honey into the Hive Cells.

At this point, the Unripe Honey has a high concentration of water. The house bees then place the Unripe Honey into the cells of the beehive.

So how is the honey is Ripened?

The House bees place the unripe honey in the hive cells and leave it exposed. They use their wings to produce a strong draft which helps evaporate the water. They also use their proboscises to draw excess water out of the honey.

Now the Honey is Ready for Use.

Once the water content of the honey is reduced to a level that is satisfactory to the bees, they seal the honey in the cell with a layer of wax. The honeyBees abdomen produces a wax that is produced in small sheets underneath it’s abdomen. When the honey is sealed inside the cell, it is finished and ready to be eaten by the honeybee colony or harvested for human consumption.

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